The Greek concept of beauty was based on a pleasing balance and proportion of form. The design of graceful columned Greek temples has influenced architecture from the Renaissance to modern times.
Visit Website Did you know? Many of the sculptures from the Parthenon are on display at the British Museum in London. They are known as the Elgin Marbles. Temple Architecture With its rectangular stone platform, front and back porches the pronaos and the opisthodomos and rows of columns, the Parthenon was a commanding example of Greek temple architecture.
Typically, the people of ancient Greece did not worship inside their temples as we do today. Instead, the interior room the naos or the cella was relatively small, housing just a statue of the deity the temple was built to honor.
Worshippers gathered outside, entering only to bring offerings to the statue. The temples of classical Greece all shared the same general form: Rows of columns supporting a horizontal entablature a kind of decorative molding and a triangular roof.
At each end of the roof, above the entablature, was a triangular space known as the pediment, into which sculptors squeezed elaborate scenes. On the Parthenon, for example, the pediment sculptures show the birth of Athena on one end and a battle between Athena and Poseidon on the other.
So that people standing on the ground could see them, these pediment sculptures were usually painted bright colors and were arrayed on a solid blue or red background.
This paint has faded with age; as a result, the pieces of classical temples that survive today appear to be made of white marble alone. Proportion and Perspective The architects of classical Greece came up with many sophisticated techniques to make their buildings look perfectly even.
They crafted horizontal planes with a very slight upward U-shape and columns that were fatter in the middle than at the ends.
Without these innovations, the buildings would appear to sag; with them, they looked flawless and majestic. Sculpture Not many classical statues or sculptures survive today. Stone statues broke easily, and metal ones were often melted for re-use. However, we know that sculptors such as Pheidias and Polykleitos in the 5th century and Praxiteles, Skopas and Lysippos in the 4th century had figured out how to apply the rules of anatomy and perspective to the human form just as their counterparts applied them to buildings.
Earlier statues of people had looked awkward and fake, but by the classical period they looked natural, almost at ease. They even had realistic-looking facial expressions.
People offered small terra cotta figurines as gifts to gods and goddesses, buried them with the dead and gave them to their children as toys. They also used clay pots, jars and vases for almost everything. Much of our knowledge of classical Greek art comes from objects made of stone and clay that have survived for thousands of years.
However, we can infer that the themes we see in these works—an emphasis on pattern and order, perspective and proportion, and man himself—appeared as well in less-durable creations such as drawings and paintings.Greek architects provided some of the finest and most distinctive buildings in the entire Ancient World and some of their structures, such as temples, theatres, and stadia, would become staple features of towns and cities from antiquity onwards.
In addition, the Greek concern with simplicity, proportion, perspective, and harmony in their buildings would go on to greatly influence architects in. May 17, · The amazing works of art and architecture known as the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World serve as a testament to the ingenuity, imagination .
Ancient Greek Art and Architecture Although the art of wall painting was popular in ancient Greece, few examples remain today.
However, many examples of vase painting have survived. By the Archaic period the depiction of human and animal figures had reached new heights. Ancient Greek Art and Architecture (Eye on Art) [Diane Yancey] on grupobittia.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
The Eye on Art series is intended to assist readers in understanding the various roles of art in society; each volume offers an in-depth exploration of a major artistic movement.
Art and Architecture in Ancient Greek went hand in hand. Like many others, the ancient Greeks regarded painting as the most important form of art. They were also very good at sculpting and pottery. Ancient Greek art stands out among that of other ancient cultures for its development of naturalistic but idealized depictions of the human body, in which largely nude male figures were generally the .