The term, however, is neither uncontested nor uncontroversial. Some scholars criticize the inclusion of what they view as significantly disparate weapons under a single umbrella category or note the inaptitude of the term itself, given that CBRN weapons do not always cause massive devastation or casualties moreover, in some circumstances, the employment of conventional weapons can wreak massive destruction, however defined. Nevertheless, the term has significance under international law, referring to weapons that are limited or banned due to the unique threat they pose to international peace and security, the particularly abhorrent effects of their employment, or both.
April 05, Before the world could witness the fruits of atomic power, disaster unleashed by the atomic bombs in Japan exposed the horrific power of atom. After the atomic attack, within a week Japan conceded its defeat and within couple of months, Second World War was finished.
Clout of a nuclear weapon state was visible and every nation aspired to become a nuclear weapon state. By s, the role of nuclear weapon state in international geo-politics was clear and so was the situation if every nation becomes a nuclear weapon state.
So there was a race between nations to acquire nuclear weapons; nuclear non—Proliferation Treaty NPT was devised as a full stop to that treaty. The NPT was signed on July 1, and the then US President called it the most important international agreement since the beginning of nuclear age.
A total of parties have joined the Treaty, including the five nuclear-weapon States: More countries have ratified the NPT than any other arms limitation and disarmament agreement, a testament to the Treaty's significance.
Five non-parties to the treaty are known or believed to possess nuclear weapons: India, Pakistan and North Korea have openly tested and declared that they possess nuclear weapons, while Israel has had a policy of opacity regarding its own nuclear weapons programme.
Another non-signatory Cuba is not supposed to possess nuclear weapons. Even though the treaty was originally conceived with a limited duration of 25 years, the signing parties decided, by consensus, to extend the treaty indefinitely and without conditions during the Review Conference in New York City on May 11, It might be the most important agreement but it is not the best agreement to ensure nuclear peace which is made evident by the nuclear tests in India, Pakistan and North Korea, secret Nuclear weapons programme of Iran etc.
Moreover, it is not able to limit the nuclear proliferation as nuclear weapons of Israel are alleged to be secretly developed by US, The treaty hovers around the three integrated goals of disarmament, non proliferation and peaceful use but treaty failed in all the three goals but all the three goals are not achieved.
India supports the full nuclear disarmament of globe where as NPT on one hand allows the accumulation of nuclear weapons by five countries and the rest of the world is not allowed to have nuclear weapons.
It puts rest of world in a constant danger from the five nuclear weapon states. When a neighbor, with whom relations are not friendly, possess nuclear weapon, it is indeed a potent danger for such country and this is the case with India whose neighbor China is a nuclear weapon state.
InIndia conducted its first nuclear test which India described as a "peaceful" explosion. The goal of the NSG was to prevent exports of commercial and civilian nuclear and dual-use technologies from being diverted to the weapons programs of other countries. For 30 years, U. And India developed its nuclear technology in isolation.
Nevertheless, New Delhi did not stop its nuclear weapons programs. At the end of the Cold War, India's patron, the Soviet Union, was gone, the Indian economy was a crumbling socialist relic, and China was the new emerging power.
In the past, the U. The new willingness of the U.
Moreover, an exception clause in NSG act was introduced and legal hurdles for nuclear cooperation with India were removed. Pakistan has admitted to sharing nuclear technology with North Korea, Libya, and Iran. Future of NPT A growing number of states today believe that NPT is being applied unevenly and that the nuclear powers do not intend to fulfill their end of the NPT bargain which is nuclear disarmament on their part.
This has led the non-nuclear-weapon-state majority to become less willing to agree to further measures that would strengthen the treaty and the nonproliferation regime.[This analysis was written for the Unz Review] For those interested in the military implications of the recent revelations by Vladimir Putin about new Russian weapon systems I would recommend the excellent article entitled “The Implications of Russia’s New Weapon Systems” by Andrei Martyanov who offers a superb analysis of what these new weapons mean for the USA and, especially, the US Navy.
Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, also called Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty, agreement of July 1, , signed by the United Kingdom, the United States, the Soviet Union, and 59 other states, under which the three major signatories, which possessed nuclear weapons, agreed not to assist other states in obtaining or producing them.
Essay on Nuclear Weapons And Nuclear War - In a world where most of the powerful nations seem to be prepared, why not prepare for the worst. As the French foreign minister Bernard Kouchner said “We have to prepare for the worst, and the worst is war’’ ("Alarm At Warning Of War With Iran.").
Iran’s Nuclear Weapons Description: Nuclear weapons, weapons that could potentially destroy civilization, are a new topic in International relations during the twentieth and twenty-first centuries. After the United States made a nuclear bomb at the end of WWI, soon other countries followed.
The Nuclear Proliferation. During our oral presentation, we have shown to the class the stakes of the nuclear weapons proliferation. As we said "defence" is a huge subject to cover and through this writing, I'll continue to develop it by going into others major facts and ethical issues related to the subject/5(1).
The Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists informs the public about threats to the survival and development of humanity from nuclear weapons, climate change, and emerging technologies in the life sciences.